Lest you forget slave trade, Congo, other genocides

Sunday April 15, 2018


By Isaac Mwangi

East African News Agency, Arusha


April is the month when Rwanda remembers the horrible events in its history that led to the killing of an estimated one million people in 1994.


That is an occasion of solemn importance, and the rest of Africa can pick a leaf from Rwanda to commemorate other events in its history that created even greater human suffering.


Unfortunately, many Africans today are hardly aware of the continent’s sad history over the past five or so centuries of Afro-European contact.


Generally, our history is still largely taught from a Eurocentric perspective that tries to gloss over the serious crimes that were committed against our ancestors.


And many Africans have fallen for that bait, assuming that the past matters little, after all. That attitude is unfortunate and only serves the interests of the West in their unending quest to gain access to Africa’s resources for next-to-nothing.


It is not based on the West’s own practice where their history is concerned. Indeed, more than 70 years after the end of the Second World War, we still have commemorations of the Jewish Holocaust in Israel and all over Europe.


And while the Holocaust – in which up to 6 million Jews lost their lives – is regrettable, the crimes and figures when it comes to Africa are a lot more horrific.


Four Kenyans who took the British government to court over treatment of the Mau Mau. 

The slave trade, for instance, went on for about 450 years, during which anywhere from 60 million to 200 million Africans lost their lives.


Whole villages and even flourishing kingdoms were destroyed, families ripped apart, young girls and women raped repeatedly, millions of people thrown into the sea for sharks to feast on them, and numerous other atrocities were committed ad nauseam.


These crimes were committed by so-called godly nations that profess the Christian faith, with blessings from the Vatican and the complicity of religious leaders of various shades.


To commit these crimes with a good conscience, Africans were dehumanised and considered sub-human.


The depopulation and destruction of African civilisations was as systematic as it was cruel. The wealth of Western nations that we see today was built on the exploitation and destruction of millions of families across Africa.


That African Holocaust, for lack of a stronger term, is deserving of every commemoration by the whole continent.


It is extremely unfortunate that most of our leaders are so mentally colonised that they will join in singing songs about the Israelites who were allegedly in slavery in ancient Egypt, but fail to remember our own people who suffered untold misery through the slave trade. Africans must never forget.


Warriors of the Hehe rebellion in Tanzania’s Southern Highlands. PHOTOS | AGENCIES


More recently, tragedy unfolded in the Congo when Belgium’s King Leopold II decided to pursue his greed to the fullest extent, leading to the extermination of up to 15 million Congolese.


That, too, is a subject that is hardly taught in history classes around the continent. Again, Africans must never forget.


Of course, there were numerous other smaller-scale but equally significant massacres that have occurred as external forces seek to get Africa’s rich resources for themselves.


The atrocities committed during the Mau Mau uprising in Kenya, the Maji Maji rebellion in Tanzania, the Herero Uprising in Namibia, and many others across the continent should never be forgotten.


This is not just for purposes of remembering for the sake of it; no, it is imperative that we come to terms with our history if Africa is to free itself from the shackles of Western imperialists.


We squandered the opportunity to unite at independence, and have squandered numerous other opportunities to deal firmly with neo-colonialist forces.


Those leaders, who would have led the way, have been mercilessly killed by Western spy agencies, leading to the current levels of helplessness and poverty on the continent.


To make a clean break from the past, we must appreciate our own history, rich cultural heritage, and the achievements of our ancestors.


We must also learn the bitter truth about those outsiders, who came to ride roughshod over Africans — from Arab slave traders to white slave-owners — and know how to deal with their descendants, many of whom still nurture misplaced ideas of their own racial superiority. Commemorating the sad events of Africa’s past history will be an apt beginning point.

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